These coffee farmers are known as “colonials”. During the 1950’s,
wealthy and large land owners took over this region. They
confiscated the properties from the natives, then enslaved the
people by forcing them to work for them. In 1991, through a
governmental land reform, the larger landowners were made to
relinquish their holdings of these small farms and return the
rightful ownership back to the families who had originally owned
them. These small farms still surround the parameters of the
large landowners, but they are no longer reliant on them for
survival. They are independent and have title to their own land.
They now have the freedom to search for ways to improve their
income, their own lives, and the health of their community.